Pepper plants are fairly easy to grow. For this reason, these plants are often recommended as great starter plants for new gardeners. But even so, pepper plants run this risk of being overwatered if they’re not handled with appropriate care. It’s a common pepper problem. Whether you already have a few pepper plants for your garden or planning to invest in some, read on to learn the signs of an overwatered pepper plant and what you can do to fix it to protect your crop.
Table of Contents
- About pepper plants
- What do healthy pepper plants look like?
- Signs of overwatering pepper plants
- How to fix overwatered pepper plants
- Improve your water drainage
- Improve your watering technique
- Must-read related posts
About pepper plants
Peppers are native to tropical America and have specifically become important when it comes to tropical Asia and equatorial America. Pepper plants are perennials, which means they live for more than two years. But are usually grown as summer annuals in most areas that are outside their natural habitat.
Pepper fruits come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. In fact, you’ll likely find small and large pepper fruits, circular fruits, and long and thin ones.
What do healthy pepper plants look like?
One of the main characteristics of a healthy pepper plant, regardless of which type of pepper you have, is having bright-green leaves. Not only that, but the leaves should be able to handle the normal changes in water. For instance, wind, rain, and chilled weather can all affect water fluctuations.
Another thing to pay attention to when it comes to your pepper plant’s leaves is whether they are broad and pointed. This is something that sets pepper plants apart from other plant species and is a good sign that your plants are healthy.
Additionally, you should watch out for how your pepper plant changes colors. Your pepper plants generally should be bright green, but if you notice that the color changes to anything aside from brown or if you begin to notice spots, that means the health of your plant is diminishing.
Signs of overwatering pepper plants
While pepper plants are one of the easiest plants to grow, overwatering is one of the biggest problems with these particular plants. With that said, the technique that you use to water your pepper plants is essential because using the wrong technique can actually kill your plants. This is especially the case if your pepper is still in its early stages. Here are a few signs that your pepper plants are overwatered.
Wilted leaves can be a result of many things, such as over-fertilization, water stress, root anoxia, under watering, and overwatering. Since pepper plants don’t need as much water as some other plants, the most common cause of wilted leaves is overwatering.
This can throw many gardeners off, as many people assume that wilted leaves mean that the plant isn’t getting enough water. As a result of this misdiagnosed underwatering, they often give the plant even more water, which runs the risk of killing the plant. Overwatering your pepper plant leads to root rot.
Additionally, too much water in the soil can strip away vital nutrients that your plants need to thrive. With that said, if you notice that your pepper plant has wilted leaves with a yellow appearance, that means that your plants are in a bit of trouble.
Another sign that your pepper plants have been overwatered is insufficient drainage. If too much water is being held by the soil, this means that the roots will sit in too much water, making it difficult for your plant to grow due to a lack of nutrients. As a result, it will begin to experience other symptoms, such as wilted or curled leaves and weakened stems. Remember, pepper plants can’t tolerate extremely moist conditions for too long and prefer that their soil is more along the lines of dry. In fact, this impacts capsaicin production, leading to hotter peppers.
–> Learn More: How To Grow Hotter Peppers
Have you noticed that your pepper plants just won’t grow? Slow or stunted plant growth does happen occasionally, and overwatering is one of the common reasons for it. Overwatering your pepper plant can easily lead to a decline in nutrients. Without all the nutrients your plant needs, enabling it to grow will feel next to impossible.
If you notice that the leaves of your pepper plants are starting to curl, this is another common sign that your plants are being overwatered. Curling happens when the roots aren’t able to access enough oxygen and nutrition that’s needed from the soil. Ultimately, overwatered soil will make it difficult for roots to get what they need. For pepper plants specifically, overwatering is more likely, which is why it’s important to monitor how much water your plants are receiving.
Investing in one (or a few) soil moisture meters is another way to handle your water monitoring. Tools like this alert you quickly how wet or dry the soil is, taking the guess work out of your watering. Best of all, no batteries required here. Just place the monitor in the soil and you're ready.
How to fix overwatered pepper plants
The good news is that fixing overwatered pepper plants is possible. But gardeners will need to begin implementing the right techniques to recover their plants. It’s important to note that which strategies work for you will depend on how severely overwatered your plants are.
For instance, if you notice that your plants are starting to yellow, but they haven’t wilted, changing your watering technique can help recover their health. But plants that have already begun wilting will require additional work to save them. Here are a few ways to fix overwatered pepper plants.
Stop watering the plants
The first step that you should do once you’ve found that your pepper plants are being overwatered is to stop watering them. While signs such as wilting and curling may appear like your pepper plants are lacking water, these plants are actually suffering due to having too much. You want to normalize the soil moisture level as quickly as possible.
Move the plant to a shaded area
This will sound counter-intuitive. Why move a potentially overwatered plant to a place where evaporation will take longer? This is to remove another potentially high-stress situation. A plant that’s overwatered is stressed, and quick evaporation can stress it even further. A shaded area will still allow for evaporation without this risk.
Prune dying leaves and roots
If your pepper plants have wilted already, it’s best to prune the areas of concern. Remove any dying leaves and any roots that are rotting due to the overwatering. If the root system is really saturated, allow it to dry out for a few hours (3 to 5) prior to replanting.
If possible, slowly reintroduce the pepper plant to direct sunlight
The reason is the same as to why to move the overwatered pepper plant to a shaded area. You don’t want to stress the plant or its fruits even more. Start with a few hours of partial morning sun and go from there. Of course, this is easier for an easily moved potted pepper plant than one that’s planted in a specific place outdoors.
Improve your water drainage
It’s also important to ensure your pepper plants have proper drainage and that you create more room around the roots if possible. Especially be sure to only water wilted pepper plants when the soil is dry to touch.
Incorporating proper draining techniques will help your pepper plants thrive. However, your methods for draining will depend on whether your plants on plotted or in-ground.
- Potted plants: Always be sure that your potted plants are draining properly. This means that you need sufficient drainage holes to let water out. If you’re worried about making a mess, use a tray or plate to catch the excess water.
- In-ground plants: Improving drainage can be more difficult for plants in the ground. Your best option is to plant your peppers on a mound. Mounds are excellent because it enables water to drain away from the roots, so they don’t soak in the water longer than needed.
Improve your watering technique
Your watering technique is crucial when it comes to avoiding overwatering. If your plants have only yellowed, quickly improving your technique can help to recover your pepper plants. Here are a few things to keep in mind when watering.
You should always check the soil to see what your plant needs. If the soil is dark and moist, your pepper plants don’t need any water. You will know that your plant requires water if it is dry and light in color. Once you understand your plants cycle, it’s easier to set up an optimal watering schedule.
Avoid watering at night. Plants that are watered at night often lead to disease. You should only water your pepper plants at night if it has begun to wilt. Early morning hours is the best time to water.
See our watering pepper plants dos and don’ts for even more tips.
Must-read related posts
- Pepper Plants Growing Slowly? Here are the most common reasons why.
- How Much Space Do Peppers Need? Is there a common amount of space to consider?
- What Does Calcium Deficiency In Peppers Look Like? We cover what to inspect for and how to handle.
- Do Your Plants Have Yellow Leaves? We cover what it means and how to fix it.